Information about Punjab :
50,362 sq. km.
per Sq. Km
is an Indo-Iranian word meaning "the land of five rivers".
Punjab lies at the cross-roads of the great civilizations of the world.
Historicaly, the area west of Punjab was under the sphere of influence of the
Persians, the east was the heartland of the Indian civilization, the south under
the influence of the Arabs and the north under the Turko-Mongolian influence.
Many great religious movements which found world-wide appeal grew in the fertile
plains of Punjab. They include Budhism, Sikhism and many schools
of Sufi thought in Islam . This ethnic and religous diversity is
reflected in the cultural mosaic of todays's Punjab.
area of Punjab was defined to the east from the basin of the river Bias
(including Dehli) to the basin of River Indus in the west. To the north it was
bounded by the Himalayas of Kashmir and to the south it stretched as far as the
plains of Cholistan and Rajasthan. Over different periods of history Punjab has
seen its boundries expand and shrink. The high time for Punjab was during the
reign of Mughal emperor Babur (and also during the time of Ranjit Singh more
recently) when Punjab along with Babur's empire streteched from Dehli in the
east to Kabul and Ghazni to the West. But never in the history, did the
boundries of Punjab shrink so much as they did after the division of India
in 1947. The tragic incident resulted in the division of Punjab into two parts as the Indian state of Punjab and the Pakistani province
of Punjab. Indian Punjab was further divided twice for administrative reasons .
Today's Punjab(Indian) is about one-fourth of the Punjab that existed before
Punjab suffered the most destruction and damage at the time of Partition of
India. Prior to partition the Punjab extended across both sides of what is now
the India-Pakistan border, and its capital Lahore is now the capital of the
Pakistani state of Punjab. The major city in the Punjab is Amritsar, the holy
city of the Sikhs. Chandigarh, a new planned city, was concieved and built in
the 1950s to serve as the capital of the new Punjab. In 1966, Punjab underwent
another split. It was divided into the predominantly Sikh and Punjabi- speaking
state of Punjab and the state of Haryana. At the same time some of the northern
parts of the Punjab were hived off to Himachal Pradesh. Chandigarh on the border
of Punjab and Haryana, remains the capital of the two states, yet is
administered as a Union Territory from Delhi.
The Punjab's per capita income is nearly double the all-India average (in
second place is Haryana). Although Punjabi's comprise less than 2.5% of India's
population, they provide 22% of India's Wheat and 10% of its rice. The Punjab
provides a third of all the milk production in India. Punjab also has a number
of thriving industries including Hero Bicycles at Ludhiana.
From the travellers point of view, the area has just one attraction -the
beautiful Golden Temple in Amritsar. Apart from this the states are mainly
places of transit for travellers on their way to the Himachal hill stations,
Pakistan, and Kashmir.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Visit the Golden temple - The sacred Sikh sanctuary,
marbled, bronzed & covered with gold leaf wherein the Guru Granth Sahib- The
Bible of the Sikhs is placed reverently. Also see the Community Kitchen where
10000 pilgrims are fed daily on voluntary and complementary basis. Visit the
historic Jallianwala Bagh where Gen. Dyer's bullets killed scores of innocent
Indians and the beautiful Ram Bagh Gardens.
CHANDIGARH : Chandigarh was Designed by Le
Corbusier, is the state
capital of Punjab and Harayana states. The famous French architect. Half day
tour includes visit to the Secretariat, High Court, State Library, Assembly
Chambers, University, Botanical Garden and the beautiful lake. Asia's largest
rose garden, Zakir Gulab Bagh, spread out over 30 acres of land, boasting of
50,000 rose-trees of 1600 different species!!
Covering an area of 56 square
kilometres, Chandigarh is the first `planned'
city of India. The city has neatly laid out roads and parks, buildings ranging
against mountain peaks, boulevards and streets lined by endless rows of trees
and shrubs. The city is named after the Goddess Chandi Devi, whose white - domed
temple stands on the slope of a hill in the north east of Chandigarh, on the
edge of the Shivalik hills. Spread over an area of 114 sq. kms, it is a modern
city, built in 47 sectors.
Tourism Development Corporation