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School Education


Universalization of Elementary Education in the state of Punjab
To achieve the aim of Universalisation of Elementary Education
following steps have been taken :-

Opening of New Schools

The State has opened Primary Schools in each habitat Village with a minimum enrolment of 50 students.

In Scheduled Caste Bastis and remote hilly areas the State Government  has opened either branch schools or full fledged schools even for less than 50 students. This way the students do not have to walk to school for more than one kilometer.

In order to cater to the educational needs of the sub-mountanious area, Kandi, Bate, Scheduled Caste Bastis and New colonies which crop up due to migratory population from other states, new Govt. Primary Schools have been opened in 1997-98.

It is also proposed to provide buildings to various building-less schools.

Toilets and Drinking water facilities are being provided in each school.

Pupil/ teacher ratio of 1/40 is being adopted in Government Primary Schools under the rationalization of transfer policy. All the surplus teachers have been posted to  staff deficient schools.

All these efforts have been made to improve the enrollment and retention of
children in the Primary Schools.

To attain Universalisation of Elementary Education, 500 Government Primary
Schools were upgraded to middle schools in 1996-97. During 1995-96, 1000
schools were upgraded to Middle schools by providing additional infrastructure like the buildings and teachers by the Government .
Some of the important points in this regard are as under:

In the State of Punjab, Primary Directorate of Education was created in Feb, 1978.

Under the Department of Education more than  13943 schools are functioning out of which 12925 are Government .Primary Schools .

There are 939 Branch Schools which have been established by the Government.

79 Aided Schools have been established by the Government.

Out of these schools 659 Government Primary Schools Buildings require immediate major repairs.

There are 278 Government Primary Schools which are buildings less.

213 Government Primary Schools which are functioning from the premises of  religious places like Gurdwara,Temple, Dharamshala or Masjid. The State Government is spending a huge amount of funds  for the Salary of the teachers as well as on the other component i.e. Medical Reimbursement, wages, Travelling Allowance, Office Expenses, Rent & Taxes etc.

Inspite of all these efforts the standard of the Primary Education has lot of scope for improvements. The main reason for this is  the lack of the basic needs of the schools like  infrastructure  and staff.

During the year 1996-97, Rs 1100 lacs were earmarked for the construction of
buildings and during the year 97-98, Rs.1100 lacs have been released for the provision of new construction, additional room and major repairs of the schools. These funds will be utilised through Rural Development, Punjab.

During the year 1997-98, Rs 100 lacs were proposed to provide adequate seating arrangement for the Government Primary Schools. However, even this amount is not sufficient to fulfill the requirements of all the schools of the State.

At present there is no Centrally Sponsored Scheme aimed at providing infrastructure in the Government Primary Schools in the State of Punjab.  However, under the Operation Black Board Scheme, which was operational from 1986 to 1993, in all 12925 schools were covered in three phases. The material and equipment, which was supplied under this scheme has already been utilized or condemned due to  passage of time and has not been replaced by any other  scheme other centrally sponsored schemes by Government of India for  provision of infrastructure in the schools.

To reduce the drop-out rate in the Government Primary  Schools of the State,
the Department has to take certain  measures  for  making the Education learning  a more joyful phenomena especially for the pupils.  The following type   of infrastructure is required to uplift the standard of Primary Education in the State:-

Thoughfully designed buildings are to  be provided to the building-less schools with adequate accommodation and playing facilities for the students. This should also cover major repairs wherever due.

Teaching and learning equipment
Innovative, immaginative and interesting teaching and learning equipment like books, black boards, maps, colourful charts, models, globes etc. are also to be provided in the schools for making the learning process more joyful and purposeful..

Extra curricular & co-curricular activities
To make the Education interesting extra curriculur and co-curricular  activities are also required like Swings, Sea-Saw,   Slide and other interesting games should be provided in all  the schools of the  State in a phased manner. The sports material  is   also essential in the Government Primary Schools. The toys which help in teaching to the  kids may also be provided.

Science material
For  imparting the basic knowledge  and understanding of  Science, Science kits & Math kits are to  be provided to the Government Primary  Schools. Science based  toys which help in learning for  the child may also be provided   to the Government  Primary Schools to raise the  standard of education at the lowest level.

Incentive Schemes To Improvement of Enrolment and
Various incentive schemes are provided by the Punjab Government  for
retention of  Scheduled Castes  students. Following is the gist of some of the schemes operational in the State:

Scheduled Caste  girl students are paid attendance incentive scholarship (80% attendance) @ Rs.50/- per month.  During 1996-97 the number of beneficiaries  under this Scheme was 399399. This amount is distributed by the Social Welfare Department Punjab. Implementation of this  Scheme has improved the attendance  and drop-out rate of girl students.

A scholarship @ 30/- per month is given to Vimukat Jatis students.
During 1996-97, 7317 students got scholarships under this scheme and the expenditure was Rs.16.73 lacs.

Free text books are provided by Punjab School Education Board to all the Scheduled Caste  students at  Primary level.

Mid day meal scheme: This scheme has been introduced   in 40 low female literacy blocks in the State in 9 districts, namely, Patiala, Ferozepur, Mukatsar, Mansa, Faridkot, Amritsar, Bhatinda, Sangrur and Moga for improvement in the enrollment of girl students and their retention. Under the scheme three Kilograms of grain is given to  the each student of these blocks. This has helped in  improving the retention of students in Government   Primary Schools. The number of beneficiaries under this centrally sponsored scheme are 295039.

Government  Primary schools have been provided infrastructure in the shape of furniture,  teaching & learning material,   toys, swings etc. to attract children to the   schools in rural as well as urban areas under the Centrally sponsored Operation Black Board and Border Area Schemes.

Special Grant to scheduled caste  girl students.

Scholarships to the brilliant economically poor  students.

Scholarships to students of Sainik School Kapurthala,  Public School Nabha and Yadvindra Public School Patiala.
General Scholarships.
Scholarship to  brilliant  scheduled caste students.
Scholarship to the children of Riot Victim families.